John Jenney, Pilgrim-James

Male 1585 - 1644  (59 years)

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  • Name John Jenney 
    Suffix Pilgrim-James 
    Born 1585  Norwich, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 29 May 1644  Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I3426  32 Generations
    Last Modified 28 Oct 2008 

    Father Henry Jenney,   b. 1560, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 9 Feb 1619/20, Norfolk, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years) 
    Mother Mary Smythe,   b. Abt 1560, London, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. WFT Est 1649-1669  (Age ~ 109 years) 
    Married Abt 1583  , England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F2848  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Sarah Carey, Pilgrim on the James,   b. Abt 1590, Manckson, Co., England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Apr 1656, Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 66 years) 
    Married 1 Nov 1614  Leiden, Zuid Holland, Netherlands Find all individuals with events at this location 

      JOhn, brewer's man, of Norwich, Eng., m. at Leyden, Holland, Sept. 5, 1614, Sarah Carey , o f Monksoon, Eng. Came to Plymouth in the James in 1623. [Mor.]
      Drew lots for 5 persons. His wife Sarah and ch. Samuel, Abigail and Sarah had shares in cat t le in 1627. He was frm. in 1633. Carried on a corn-mill in 1638, which
      the widow continued in 1644.
     1. Samuel Jenney, Pilgrim on the James,   b. Abt 1616, Leiden, So. Holland, Holland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Apr 1692, Dartmouth, Bristol CO., Mass Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 76 years)
    Last Modified 31 Mar 2021 
    Family ID F2846  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 


      Plymouth Colony: Its History and People 1620-1691
      Part Three: Biographical Sketches
      Biographical Sketches
      Kempton, Ephraim

      John Jenney arrived at Plymouth in 1623 on the Little James with his wife Sarah and childr e n Samuel, Abigail, and Sarah. Captain Altham of the Little James (Three Visitors, p. 24) n ot ed that "Good wife Jennings was brought abed of a son aboard our ship." Banks called Jenn e y a cooper of Norwich, County Norfolk, but Leiden records of his 1614 marriage to Sarah Ca re y, of Monk's Soham, County Suffolk, call him a brewer's man from Norwich (Dexter, p. 619) , an d Winslow also called him a brewer and noted that he was among those Englishmen in Holla nd wh o could speak Dutch and would sometimes take communion in the Dutch Church (Hypocrisi e Unmas ked, p. 63). He owned a grain mill in Plymouth, and he was a Purchaser, but not an Un dertaker , as has been written. He was one of the colony's leaders, however, serving as an A ssistant . After he and his wife died, his family moved to Dartmouth, with which the name Jen ney becam e associated. See the article in TAG 35:70 by Bertha Clark, whose excellent manusc ript on th e Jenney family is at NEHGS in Boston. Also of interest is the account given of th e Jenney f amily in Small Descendants 2:646; see also Frederick G. Jenny, "John Jenny," NEHG R 115:233. J ohn's son Samuel, apparently the son born on the Little James, married Susann a Wood; daughte r Sarah married Thomas Pope as his second wife; and daughter Abigail marrie d Henry Wood and l ived in Yarmouth and Middleborough (see Bowman, "Mistress Sarah Jenny's Wi ll and Inventory , " MD 8:171). In John Jenney's will, dated 28 December 1643, he cautioned , "Whereas Abigail e my eldest Daughter had somewhat given her by her grandmother and Henry W ood of Plymouth afo resaid is a suter to her in way of marriage my will is that if shee th e said Abigaile will D well one full yeare wth mr. Charles Chauncey of Scittuate before her m arriage (pvided he be w illing to entertaine her) that then my said Daughter Abigall have tw o of my cowes and my ful l consent to marry wth the said Henry Wood" (MD 6:170); however, th e marriage took place fou r months later on 28 April 1644 (MD 13:86). [p.316]This individua l has the following other p arents in the Ancestral File:
      Henry /JENNEY/ (AFN:8VN6-F6) and Unknown

      !Information from "MARY ANN 'NANCY' BUTLER AND HER ROOTS", compiled by
      Ken and Marion Wise of Moscow, Idaho.

      !LDS sealing to Sarah CAREY: IGI 1988: A184633; 5935.

      Some information on John is in FOUNDERS OF EARLY AMERICAN FAMILIES, 1 985 in

      Savage Vol II

      JENNY, + + JOHN, Plymouth, wh. was a brewer of Norwich, went to Holland in his youth, liv. at Rotterdam, came in the James, a little vessel of 44 tons, built for the Pilgrims of Leyden, arr. Aug. 1623. with w. Sarah (wh. he m. at Leyden, 1 Nov. 1614, by the name of Carey), and ch. Samuel, Abigail, and Sarah, at the same time with the Ann, therefore with her passeng. reckon. among "old comers," had b. here John, and Susanna, was an Assist. 1637-39, and rep. 1641. His will, 28 Dec. 1643, names w. and the five ch. but provides that the eldest d. Abigail should live one yr. with Rev. Charles Chauncey of Scituate bef. m. with Henry Wood. He d. early in the foll. yr. and his wid. wh. was one of the first purch. of Dartmouth in 1652, by her will, of 4 Apr. 1654, and codic. 18 Aug. 1655, nam. ds. Sarah Pope, and Abigail Wood, s. Samuel, and his ch. Sarah Wood, Susanna Pope, and Sarah Jenny, and giv. Elder Cushman "the Bible wh. was my d. Susanna's," permits us to infer that both the younger ch. were d. and perhaps that John had left d. Sarah. JOHN, Dartmouth, s. prob. of Samuel, but possib. of John, certain. of the preced. was a resid. 1686. OTIS, Dartmouth 1686, prob. a gr.s. of the first John, but whether s. of John or of Samuel is unkn. and it may be, that he was a gr.s. of one of them. SAMUEL, Plymouth, s. of the first John, rem. early to Dartmouth, where he was liv. 1686; had Samuel, b. 3 July 1659, and some elder ch. one of wh. was Sarah, refer. to in the will of their SAMUEL, Dartmouth, s. of the preced. was an inhab. 1686. The name in the rec. of div. of lds. 1623, reads Jenings.

      He was married to Sarah CAREY on 5 Sep 1614 in Leyden, Holland.(1520) (1521) THE MARRIAGE O F JOHN JENNEY AND SARAH CAREY IN the accompanying illustration we reproduce the record of the marriage, at Leyden, of John Jenney and Sarah Carey, who came to Plymouth in the "Anne" in 1623. This marriage is entered in the Leyden records, Echt Book B., folio 33 vervo. A literal copy of the Dutch records and an English translation follow:

      Aengeteyckent de v. septemb 1614 tjee de 6 . 9 . 1614 Johan Jene Jongman brouwersinecht van tije de 13 . 9 . 1614 noorwiets In engelant nu woonende te Rottiije de 20 9 . 1614 terdam verselschapt met Rogier Wilson syn zyn Getrout voor bekende Jasper van Bauchem met & Jacob Paedts Sche- Sara kaire Jonge Dochter van moncksoon in pene Dese eerste engelant verselschapt met Johanne Leyns Novemb xvi veertien haer bekende

      Entered on 5 September, 1614.
      John Jenney, single man, brewer's man, from Norwich in England, now dwelling at Rotterdam, a c companied by Roger Wilson, his acquaintance, with Sarah Carey, single woman, from "Moncksoon" in England, accompanied by Joanna Lyons, her acquaintance. They were married before Jasper van Bauchem and Jacob Paedts, Sheriffs, this first of Novemb e r, 1614.: [The entries "tje de 6 . 9 . 1614" &c. show that the banns were published three times, o n 6 , 13 and 20 September, 1614.]

      Children were: Sarah JENNEY, Samuel JENNEY

      OCCUPATION: Brewer. Miller. (On 5 March 1638/9 "Mr. John Jenney [was] presented for not grinding corn serviceable, but to great loss & damage, both in not grinding it well, as also causing men to stay long before it can be ground, except his servant be fed ... and also for not keeping his stampers going, which is much to the detriment of all" [PCR 1:118]. On 20 August 1644 "Mrs. Jenney, upon the presentment against her, promiseth to amend the grinding at the mill, and to keep the mortars clean, and bags of corn from spoiling and loosing" [PCR 2:76].)

      CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: "As for the Dutch, it was usual for our members that understood the language and lived in or occasionally came over to Leyden, to communicate with them, as one John Jenny, a brewer, long did, his wife and family, &c. and without any offense to the church" [Young's Pilgrim

      Fathers 392, citing Winslow; see also MD 27:63 (which has "London" instead of "Leyden")].

      FREEMAN: In the "1633" Plymouth list of freemen, among those made free before 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:3]. In list of 7 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:52]. In Plymouth section of 1639 Plymouth Colony list of freemen, among the Assistants (annotated "dead") [PCR 8:173].

      EDUCATION: The inventory of John Jenny included a "small globe," 2s. 6d., and a Bible and other books, £1 1s. The inventory of Sarah Jenny included "a [p]salme booke 1s.," "Cartwright on the Remise 6s.," "Downham's Workes 6s.," "four old bookes 6d.," "Mr. Ainsworth on Genesis & Exodus 2s. 6d." and "a great Bible & a small one 11s.," and she made her mark to her will. OFFICES: Plymouth Assistant, 1637, 1638, 1639, 1640 [PCR 1:48, 79, 116,

      140]. Deputy for Plymouth to General Court, 1 June 1641 [PCR 2:16]. Committee to assess colony, 2 January 1633/4, 2 March 1635/6 [PCR 1:26,

      38]. Committee to lay out highways, 1 October 1634 [PCR 1:31]. Committee to control wages and prices, 5 January 1635/6 [PCR 1:36]. Coroner's jury on body of John Deacon, 2 March 1635/6 [PCR 1:39]. Committee on reuniting Plymouth and Duxbury, 14 March 1635/6 [PCR 1:41]. Committee on revising

      laws, 4 October 1636 [PCR 1:44]. Committee to apportion haygrounds, 20 March 1636/7 [PCR 1:55]. Committee to survey meadows, 5 May 1640 [PCR 1:152]. Committee on providing soldiers against the Indians, 27 September 1642 [PCR 2:45]. in Plymouth section of 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms [PCR 8:188].

      COMMENTS: Emmanuel Altham, master of the Little James, writing in September 1623 to his brother Sir Edward Altham, told of "one goodwife Jennings [who] was brought abed of a son aboard our ship and was very well" [Three Visitors 24]. (Since Samuel Jenny was apprenticed in 1633 for a term of four years, and since he volunteered for service in the Pequot War in 1637, he could not have been the son born aboard ship in 1623.)

      Nathaniel Morton, in reporting the arrival of the Little James, noted that one of "the principal passengers that came in her was Mr. John Jenny, who was a godly, though otherwise a plain man, yet singular for publicness of spirit, setting himself to seek and promote the common good of the plantation of New Plimouth; who spent not only his part of this ship (being part owner thereof) in the general concernment of the plantation, but also afterwards was always a leading man in promoting the general interest of this colony. He lived many years in New England, and fell asleep in the Lord, anno 1644" [Morton 66].

      On 25 July 1633 "John Smith hath covenanted to serve John Jenny the full term of seven years, after the manner of an apprentice" [PCR 1:16]. On 1

      January 1633/4 "Tho[mas] Higgens, having lived an extravagant life, was

      placed with John Jenny for eight years, to serve him as an apprentice" [PCR 1:21].

      On 26 August 1636 "Edw[ard] Holman complaining of Joh. Jenny to the Governor & Assistants, for that the said John would not make payment for a piece he, the said Edw[ard], lost in his service; but the thing being heard, the said John was acquitted" [PCR 1:43].

      John Jenney seems to have had a brief feud with Samuel Chandler. On 20 May 1637 Jenney complained "against Samuell Chaundler, in an action upon the case to the damage of £20, whereupon a parcel of beaver of the defendants was arrested aboard the said Mr. Jenney's bark" [PCR 7:6]. On 2 June 1640 "Samuell Chaundler complains against John Jenney, gent., in an action of trespass upon the case, to the damage of £40," and the jury found for Chandler [PCR 7:15-16]. In 1642 and 1643 he had a dispute with Joseph Ramsden [PCR 2:38-39, 57, 7:33-34].

      On 4 September 1638 "Mr. John Jenney presented for digging down the highway before his mill, to the endangering of man and beast" [PCR 1:98].

      On 24 January 1641/2 "Mr. John Jenney" purchased a one-sixteenth share in a bark of 40 or 50 tons soon to be built [PCR 2:31].

      Source: The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-33

      John went to Holland as a young man and lived at Rotterdam. Although Banks called Jenny a cooper of Norwich, County Norfolk, Leiden records of his marriage to Sarah Carey call him a brewer's man from Norwich. Winslow also called him a brewer and noted that he was among those Englishmen in Holland who could speak Dutch and would sometimes take communion in the Dutch Church. He married at Leyden Sarah Carey, of Monk's Soham, County Suffolk. The burial record of their infant on 16 June 1618 shows that their home was on Veldestraat (Field Street).
      He came to Plymouth on the James in August 1623 with wife Sarah and children Samuel, Abigail and Sarah. They came at the same time as the Ann, so were considered among the "old comers." John and Susanna were born in New England. Captain Altham of the Little James (Stratton cites "Three Visitors," p. 24) noted that "Good wife Jennings was brought abed of a son aboard our ship." That son would appear to have been Samuel. The Jenney Book says three children were born in Holland, and gives the burial record of the infant who died, but says the child born aboard the James was Sarah. Stratton did not mention the infant who died.

      John owned a grain mill in Plymouth, and he was a Purchaser, but not an Undertaker, as has been written. He served as Assistant 1637-1639, and was representative in 1641.

      His will is dated 28 December 1643.

      "I John Jenney of New Plymouth in New England being sick and weake in body but through Gods special goodness in pfect memorie do think it meate to settle that estate the Lord in his mercy hath bestowed according as I conceive hee requireth at my hands. And therefore do ordaine this my last will and testament. And therefore haveing bequeathed my soule to God that gave it and my body to the earth whereof it is I do give unto my eldest sonne Samuell Jenney a double porcon of all the lands I stand possessed of being pformed next of all I give unto Sarah my loveing wyfe whom I ordaine my Executrix my Dwelling house and Mille adjacent together wth all the lands thereunto belonging, my will being that shee freely and fully enjoy it together wth all other my moveables goods and chattells so long as God shall be pleased to continue her life except as I shall after dispose of or she shall willingly and freely part wth to any our children according to my will and desire alsoe whereas Abigaile my eldest daughter had somewhat given her by her grandmother and Henry Wood of Plymouth aforesaid is a suter to her in way of marriage my will is that if shee the said Abigaill will dwell one full yeare with Mr. Charles Chauncey of Scittuate before her marriage (pveded he be willing to entertain her) that then my said daughter Abigaile have two of my cowes and my full consent to marry wth the said Henry Wood. And in case Mr. Chauncey be against it then I would have her dwell wth Mris Winslow of Careswell the said terme of one years ffurther as I have given my eldest sonne Samuell a double porcon of all my lands whatsoever after the death of his said mother so also I give him a double porcon of my whole estate wth the rest of my children viz John Abigaill Sarah and Susann

      My will being that after the death of my said wife my house and mill and other my lands and goods be sold or valued to the utmost they are worth and that the estate be equally distributed amongst my said children Samuell John Abigail Sarah and Susan as followeth, Samuel to have a double pcon and the rest of them eich a single and equall porcon of the same Last of all I do ordaine my worthy friends Mr. William Bradford no Governor of Plymouth and Mr. Thomas Prence of the same the overseers of this my last will and testament and do give eich of them a paire of gloves of five shillings price And in witness that this is my will I have hereuntoo set my hand and seele the xxviiith of December Anno Dm 1643.

      John Jenney (seale)

      Witnesses hereunto Edward Winslowe Thomas Willett William Paddy"

      Inventory was taken by William Paddy and Nathaniel Sowther on 25 May 1644

      Although John Jenny specified that Abigaile was to live with Charles Chauncey for a year, her marriage to Henry Wood took place four months later, on 28 April 1644.